Language and skills task design

They might write an assessment of the others in their group, of the other groups or of the project as a useful learning mechanism. For example, if the topic is travel, a typical task could be organising travel dates with a friend, finding out information from a travel agent, or checking in at the airport.

Task based language teaching slideshare

Complete a puzzle? As this group of students would benefit from further development of speaking skills and given their general interest in travels and tips for trips, for productive skills, I have devised some questions for the students. Design and submit the follow-up tasks with the rationale. By moving the focus away from mechanical drills—although such drills do still have their place even today in language teaching, especially when teaching highly inflected languages—task-based teaching focuses on communication and interaction, using appropriate language at the correct time. FluentU has interactive captions that let you tap on any word to see an image, definition, audio and useful examples. Hover your mouse over the subtitles to instantly view definitions. Prepare to tell your story to another pair. The odds are pretty good that your students are in your class in order to learn how to speak and that they will want as many opportunities to speak as they can find! As you can see in my example, I explained why it would be interesting for students to have a gist and detailed activity based on the video, and why that specific task.

Did you have any people in common? Before even stepping into the classroom and using a task-based activity, it is important to have a firm objective in mind: Why are you using this activity? Work in pairs. Tell your picture story to another pair and listen to theirs.

The Farewell Party Everyone sees friends move away at some point in their life. What about if you learnt to drive by actually driving? Each small group should decide where they would like to travel, if that has not already been determined, and what they would use in a poster campaign to advertise that locale based on what they know about the place.

Task based language teaching activities pdf

Why not let them help plan a trip for you? A different approach would be to design a course around a grammar syllabus and grammar practice activities, like practising the past simple or conditional sentences, where the aim of each activity is just to practise one particular aspect of language. Start that first day of class with a game of 20 Questions , but with some modifications. Department of Tourism Many students who are studying a second language are doing so because they are either living in the country where that language is spoken or they want to visit that country. He has successfully directed language programs, taught and mentored current and future teachers, and is always looking for new and exciting ways to engage and educate his students. Mention background reading when you do this Part 3: Productive skill task design words Think of a follow-up task based on the text. But although they give valuable exposure to relevant topic-based language in the form of reading texts or recordings, they rarely stimulate much learner interaction as they stand. They are required to comprehend and convey information, much as in an information gap activity, but the information that they are asked to convey is not exactly the same that they comprehend. Compare stories — make a list of the main similarities and differences. This was just a snippet of my assignment part 2 rational. Does the text mention any of your ideas on the board? Again, depending on class size, the conversation partners could be pairs or trios, and you can always have your students change groups or partners half-way through the semester! Why not turn this into a task-based activity for your classroom? The odds are pretty good that your students are in your class in order to learn how to speak and that they will want as many opportunities to speak as they can find! In order to encourage richer interaction, we usually need to add a clear goal, make instructions more precise, and give clear completion points.

Feel free to play around with them, and if you find a different approach to any activity that seems to work better, I would love to hear about it! Rank them from most popular to least popular, and be prepared to justify your order to another pair.

task based language teaching pdf

If you already have a sense that several students are interested in the same place, go ahead and group them together. Tasks can also be based on reading and listening texts. And it is something we often do in real-life.

There are several ways to turn this into a more rewarding task — as illustrated in Criteria for identifying tasks for TBL and you can also build up a graded set of tasks around this theme - as illustrated below.

Language and skills task design

Then check with your partner. Well, in the same way, task-based learning is based on the idea that you learn a language by using it, rather than by studying its different components in isolation. Be sure to mingle with the students and help set everyone up with a buddy. In task-based learning, a lesson or unit is designed to help learners to complete a task: for example; write a letter, make a reservation, plan a trip, collaborate to design something, or hold a meeting. These project could include visiting the doctor, making a phone call, conducting an interview in order to find answers to specific questions or gathering information to make a poster or advertisement. My task involved creativity, my students were very creative, so… a it was relevant to the learners b it showed I learnt a bit about my learners in previous classes c it showed that I used what I learnt to inform my practice So, I guess my main tip for this assignment is to justify everything you do. So, you have to prove you can do all of the above in a written assignment. By definition, a task must involve the processing of information, and some kind of communication or interaction. How often do you travel? Classroom work ends with the post-task review. In these types of activities, there is no right or wrong answer, and, therefore, there is no objective means by which to judge outcomes, outside of whether what the students do or say addresses the task at hand. These include: How to introduce themselves, how to talk about themselves, their families, their interests, their likes and dislikes, their needs, etc.
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